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Hand Foot And Mouth Disease

Eight-month-old female baby presenting to me with fever and rashes over palms and soles for three days. Rashes were scattered pink to red in color over hands and feet, Maculopapular and not itchy. Rashes were also seen inside the oral cavity. The child was having fever and Coryza (cough and cold). The child was diagnosed with Hand Foot and Mouth disease.

What is HFMD?

It is a highly contagious viral infection caused by COX virus, affects children up to 10 yrs of age. It spreads through droplets in the air from an infected child or through infected hands of an affected child.

Symptoms: the child will have a mild fever, irritability, Coryza (cough and cold), malaise and rash on the body which is Nonitchy, flat/raised red spots sometimes with blister usually located on palms, soles, mouth, but can appear over buttocks or genitalia.

 Treatment:

1)    Rest at home

2)    Isolate from other children

3)    The child needs symptomatic treatment only like syrup Paracetamol, Mefenamic acid salt, antitussive to relief from fever, coryza, and rashes

4)    Proper fluid intake

Prevention:

1)    Frequent hand washing

2)    Maintain proper hygiene

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